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What is asphalt compaction

E.T. Clancy Company - Asphalt Equipmen

Step 1: Enter Zip Code. Step 2: Describe Project. Step 3: Get Quotes From Pros. Compare Bids To Get The Best Price For Your Project 1ASPHALT OMPACTION// ONGITUDINA JOINT COMPACTION Having a straight edge for joint matching is a key part of building a quality longitudinal joint. Longitudinal joint construction and compaction involve another multi-step process that require Compaction reduces the volume of air in HMA. Therefore, the characteristic of concern is the volume of air within the compacted pavement, which is typically quantified as a percentage of air voids in relation to total volume and expressed as percent air voids

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The compaction process causes the asphalt-concrete mix to be compressed and its volume reduced. As the density of the hot-mix asphalt material increases, the air-void content of the mix decreases (they are inversely proportional to each other). Properly designed, a HMA mix should have an air-void content in the range of 3% to 5% What is Compaction? Compaction in its most basic form is the act of getting the air out of your asphalt mix in order to reach peak performance of your mix. Compaction starts behind the screen - both tamping and vibratory. Operators only have a limited amount of time to get the best density from your asphalt mix Compaction Compaction is the process by which the volume of air in an HMA mixture is reduced by using external forces to reorient the constituent aggregate particles into a more closely spaced arrangement. This reduction of air volume in a mixture produces a corresponding increase in HMA density (Roberts et al.,1996)

Base course - Wikipedia

For instance, if adequate compaction is not being achieved, increasing asphalt binder content will fill more voids with asphalt binder and thus lower the air void content for the same amount of compaction. However, increased asphalt binder content can also potentially make a HMA mixture more likely to rut or shove COMPACTION OF ASPHALT CONCRETE PAVEMENTS By Jon A. Epps Engineering Research Associate Bob M. Gallaway Research Engineer William J. Harper Formerly Assistant Research Engineer William W. Scott, Jr. Research Assistant and Jeff W. Seay Supervising Field Engineer Research Report 90-2F. Once the subgrade, capping and subbase layers for the road's structure are in place, it will be your responsibility to compact the asphalt base layer, intermediate (binder) layer, and surface (wearing/finishing) layer to perfection. The purpose of compaction is to protect the whole system from deformation, water intrusion and more

Asphalt Compactio

RELATIVE COMPACTION OF ASPHALT CONCRETE PAVEMENT CAUTION: Prior to handling test materials, performing equipment setups, and/or conducting this method, testers are required to read SAFETY AND HEALTH in Part 6 of this method. It is the responsibility of the user of this method to consult and us Compaction is the single most important factor that affects pavement performance in terms of durability, fatigue life, resistance to deformation, strength and moisture damage. -C. S. Hughes, NCHRP Synthesis 152, Compaction of Asphalt Pavement, (1989) The amount of air voids in an asphalt mixture is probably the single most important factor that affects performancethroughout the life of an asphalt pavement Compaction is the process by which the asphalt and aggregate are compressed into a reduced volume. For HMAC this process is achieved by rolling the upper surface of each layer of the asphalt concrete with various types of rollers during construction, or by pneumatic tired vehicles (traffic) after construction the SHAs on the control of air voids in asphalt concrete pave­ ments. Each agency was asked to respond to eight questions on methods of mix design, construction compaction control and tests, field density limits and average asphalt content, pavement air voids, primary mode of pavement failure, and excessive asphalt or an extremely fine mix which may result in over compaction. A review of any density test results obtained from the existing pavement will be made to determine if the existing pavement density was significantly higher than the target density of the mix. The Division will determine whether additional tes

Intelligent Compaction (IC) refers to the compaction of road materials, such as soils, aggregate bases, or asphalt pavement materials, using modern vibratory rollers equipped with an integrated measurement system, an onboard computer reporting system, Global Positioning System (GPS) based mapping, and optional feedback control Ruts in asphalt pavements are channelized depressions in the wheel-tracks. Rutting results from consolidation or lateral movement of any of the pavement layers or the subgrade under traffic. It is caused by insufficient pavement thickness; lack of compaction of the asphalt, stone base or soil; weak asphalt mixes; or moisture infiltration Types of compaction There are four types of compaction effort on soil or asphalt: Vibration Impact Kneading Pressure Soil Compaction Soil compaction is defined as the method of mechanically increasing the density of soil. In construction, this is a significant part of the building process. If performed improperly The thickness of the asphalt can either be stated as pre-comapction or post-compaction, it can be hard to know which is being used on a quote. Most engineering plans will call for a specified post-compaction thickness, if the contract is written to provide work based on an engineered specification then most likey the quoted thicknesses will be.

Compaction - Pavement Interactiv

  1. Longitudinal Joint in Asphalt Pavement A longitudinal joint occurs in an asphalt pavement when a fresh batch of hot-mix asphalt (HMA) is laid adjacent to an existing lane. It is required to pave the width of a road in multiple lanes because paving that better compaction is obtained when the mix is shoved toward the joint by the roller. N
  2. e patterns. Who will be in control of compaction, paving foreman or density gauge operator? Compaction should always progress from the low side to the high side. A discussion of the tender zone and its associated problems should be conducted
  3. The oscillatory system creates asphalt compaction via a massaging motion which creates motion of the aggregates, allowing them to realign in a denser matrix. This massaging motion transfers..
  4. 402.058902 Hot Mix Asphalt, Shim Course F9 402.06810118 6.3 F1 Polymer-Modified HMA, 80 Series Compaction 402.06820118 6.3 F2 Polymer-Modified HMA, 80 Series Compaction 402.06830118 6.3 F3 Polymer-Modified HMA, 80 Series Compaction 402.098102 9.5 F1 Top Course HMA, 80 Series Compaction 402.098202 9.5 F2 Top Course HMA, 80 Series Compaction
  5. Asphalt binder lubricates the aggregate during compaction. Mixes with low asphalt contents are generally more difficult to compact because of inadequate lubrication, whereas mixes with high asphalt contents will compact more easily but may shove under roller loads (TRB, 2000)
  6. Compaction. Compaction is the process by which the volume of air in an HMA mixture is reduced by using external forces to reorient the constituent aggregate particles into a more closely spaced arrangement. This reduction of air volume in a mixture produces a corresponding increase in HMA density (Roberts et al.,1996)

Pavement Manual: Compactio

461 Compaction and Density of Asphalt Pavement 461.1 General Compaction of the asphaltic pavement or surface is geared to achieving the required density and ride qualities. The contractor is responsible for mixture design, quality control of the production of the mix, and attainment of required pavement density 8.3 Asphalt compaction with tandem rollers only 6m # 50-60m Fig. 60 Rolling concept with tandem roller All types of mixes (base, binder and wearing courses) the linear load and the weather conditions. Depending can generally be compacted with tandem vibratory on the stability and initial compaction of the mix it is rollers..

Pavement 101: Compaction Engineering Technical Consultant

The asphalt binder grade affects compaction through its viscosity. A binder that is higher in viscosity will generally result in a mix that is more resistant to compaction. Additionally, the more a binder hardens (or ages) during production, the more resistant the mix is to compaction. Asphalt binder content also affects compaction the SHAs on the control of air voids in asphalt concrete pave­ ments. Each agency was asked to respond to eight questions on methods of mix design, construction compaction control and tests, field density limits and average asphalt content, pavement air voids, primary mode of pavement failure, and If asphalt is applied too thickly, it won't be properly compacted, and over time, that can lead to depressions where traffic is frequent. The Importance of the Asphalt Driveway Sub-Base Careful installation and compaction of a proper sub-base under your driveway is the key to long life and durability for your driveway Editor's note: This is the second installment of a two-part series on asphalt compaction.In the August issue, Scherocman, a consulting engineer in pavement design and construction located in Cincinnati, discussed the importance of compaction and the relationship between density and the air-void content of hot-mix asphalt (HMA) pavement.For an HMA to perform well under traffic, it must be. Why is asphalt compaction soo important and how do you achieve asphalt compaction? This short video explains the fundamentals of asphalt compaction

Standard Practice for Compaction of Prismatic Asphalt Specimens by Means of the Shear Box Compactor: D8079 - 16: Standard Practice for Preparation of Compacted Slab Asphalt Mix Samples Using a Segmented Rolling Compactor: D8292 - 2 Asphalt Compaction Evaluation using GPR: TH 52 and TH 14 Field Trial Dr. Kyle Hoegh, MnDOT Dr. Shongtao Dai, MnDOT Mn/DOT Office of Materials and Road Researc Page 3 Standard Construction Specifications Division 40 - Asphalt Surfacing Revised 11/08 The number of blows of the Compaction hammer used in the Marshall Mix Design will b Over compaction can lead to rutting, flushing or bleeding, resulting in a shortened pavement life and even dangerous driving conditions. Under compaction can lead to pavement susceptibility to moisture and air damage, shortening the life & durability of the asphalt pavement How to fix depressions in asphalt. A temporary fix for minor depressions is a simple asphalt patch on top of the existing pavement. However, patching will not solve the underlying problem of poor compaction so the affected area may continue to sink

Moisture Susceptibility - Pavement InteractivePorous Asphalt Pavement | Porous Pavement

Asphalt Compaction . The Backscatter Density Method is very similar to the Direct Density Transmission Method except that the rod is only lowered to the first notch position, also known as the backscatter notch. a. The backscatter notch positions the bottom of the source rod just above the surface. b proper design. These parameters include the type of liquid asphalt which,in all but the most unusual circumstances should be PG 64-22;the compaction level should be N Design 50or Level 1 for all applications except minor or principal arterial streets. The next two parameters go hand in hand and should always be considered together relative to compaction of asphalt concrete. The report is divided into five sections covering (1) basic concepts, (2) performance relationships, (3) factors influencing compaction, (4) compaction control, and (5) specifications. The report summarizes why compaction is important and how adequate compaction can be achieved

-Asphalt is for more expensive than base Smoothness -HMA compacts differentially, thicker areas compact more than thinner areas which will affect pavement smoothness Compaction Compaction Compaction occurs when a force compresses the soil and pushes air and water out of it so that it becomes more dense. Compaction is achieve Compaction Testing of Hot- Mix Asphalt Pavements (HMA) Tables and Charts Forms: Tables for Converting Total Dry Density to Density of the -3/4 inch Material. Maximum Density / Optimum Moisture Table. Table for Estimating Percent of Lot Within Tolerance. Forms: T313 Recycled Asphalt Driveway Pros. Many homeowners have fallen in love with their recycled asphalt driveways. Here are some of the many benefits that the material has to offer: Affordable - One major advantage of using RAP for driveway construction is that it's very low cost. Recycled asphalt requires far fewer raw resources than virgin asphalt Quality Control of Hot Mix Asphalt Pavement Compaction Using In-Place Density Measurements from a Low-Activity Nuclear Gauge. Nuclear gauges are used for measuring in-place density during the asphalt compaction process. Gauge measurements are used to establish roller patterns, detect changes in the mix and process adjustments, and control density

Asphalt properties change with temperature, which means that there is a specific range where viscosity permits adequate compaction by providing lubrication between particles during the compaction process. Low temperature prevents aggregate particles from moving, and the required density is not possible to achieve PG64-22 and cationic asphalt emulsion, grade CRS-2h. The type of bituminous material used in the production of HMA in Georgia is asphalt cement, grades PG64-22, PG67-22 and PG76-22. PG67-22 is the most commonly used type of asphalt cement in Georgia for HMA. PG 76-22 is a polymer modified asphalt cement and is normally used for high traffic areas

Thus, a compacted asphalt thickness of 2.5 to 3 inches may be more than sufficient for a residential driveway, but a busy mixed-use lot may need a compacted asphalt thickness of 4 inches or more Asphalt Compaction Double Drum Rollers. Road rollers or compaction rollers are some of the most low-key construction machines out there. They're not used on as many projects, and their main use is to prepare or finish foundations. This means that they aren't as visible to the public as other types of construction equipment Superpave Mix Design and Gyratory Compaction Levels, Tech Brief from FHWA; Development in Asphalt Binder Specifications, TRB Circular E-C147 (2010) The Superpave Mix Design System: Anatomy of a Research Program, NCHRP Web-Only Document 186 (2012) Refining Superpave Asphalt Binder Characterization, Asphalt Magazine, (2012

Factors affecting asphalt compaction Asphalt magazin

  1. 12/13/2016 2 •A 1% increase in field density can increase asphalt pavement service-life +10% (conservatively) •Today's compaction target is typically 92% of maximum (G mm ) (8% air voids), •Varying requirements for longitudinal joints •Increased Density Pavements target a 2% increase across the entire pavement
  2. compaction temperatures for their individual products that have proven to be appropriate. 2 Also identified as: (a) AASHTO M320 asphalt binders that have a useful temperature interval (UTI) of ≥ 92 degrees; or (b) AASHTO MP19 asphalt binders with an H, V, or E designation Lab Mixing and Compaction Temperatures: Caveat
  3. Compaction Of Asphalt Pavement (Synthesis Of Highway Practice) Charles S Hughes, Trekking In The Annapurna Region (Nepal Trekking Guide) Bryn Thomas, On Foucault (Philosopher (Wadsworth)) Alison Brown, Random House Basic Speller/Divider (The Ballantine Reference Library) Jess Stei
  4. e theoretical maximum specific gravity and density values used to calculate air voids in the compacted mix and establish targets for compaction during laydown. Percent Air Voids in Asphalt. The test results also allow calculation of bitumen absorption by
  5. eral filler (limestone dust, Portland cement, etc), and aggregate. The fundamental concept of a pavement section is a suitable subgrade, a compacted aggregate base, an asphalt base course (if required), an intermediate course, and a surface course. Asphalt base, intermediate, and surface courses have reduce
  6. 5. For asphalt core tests, the density of the cores from all projects showed a strong correlation with the permeability and IDT strength; whereas, the permeability of core samples correlated well with IDT strength for most projects. As the most important factor among IC parameters for asphalt compaction, the starting surfac
  7. The asphalt mixture will be accepted at the plant, with respect to gradation and asphalt binder content, on a LOT to LOT basis. However, any load or loads of mixture which, in the opinion of the Engineer, are unacceptable for reasons of excessive segregation, aggregates improperly coated, or of excessively high or low temperature will be.

That measurement must reflect the exact amount you've built in for compaction. Now let's talk about calculating yield. Determining how far a load of asphalt mix will go takes a quick bit of math, but it's vital to making sure you don't run over on the job. The yield is the amount of material being used in a set area Application asphalt compaction Support for compaction works on asphalt layers. If compaction is performed within a narrow temperature range (e.g. 120° - 150°C) and the sub base is of sufficient stability, EVIB will show the increase in compaction. A direct statement on the density is only possible after performing compariso compaction data, which is a significant improvement over traditional quality acceptance (QA) procedures involving tests at discrete point locations. The purpose of this project is to evaluate the applicability of intelligent compaction in construction of soil grade, granular bases and/or subbases, and asphalt layers in flexibl

Compaction Guide - Alberta Paving Ltd

Your asphalt millings will actually strengthen over time as the material bonds tighter with compaction and heat. It will last 20-30 years and is fairly durable to temperature and weather. If your asphalt driveway is currently deteriorating and you would like advice on improving it, click here Dynapac is widening its asphalt compaction range with the addition of new models aimed at the rental market, as well as a new deadweight roller for finishing work. Asphalt Paving, Compaction & Testing / April 16, 2021 2 mins Read . SHARE Free online asphalt calculator to help you estimate how much asphalt you need for your construction project - road, private driveway, car park, etc. Output in weight and volume: tons, tonnes, cubic yards, cubic meters, etc. Basic information about asphalt (tarmac) and tips on calculating how much you need. Online tarmac calculator

How to Compact Asphalt Pavements For Construction Pro

What is compaction? In construction, it can mean one of three things. For soils, it is a measurement or means to densify soils, making them as compact, or dense, as required. We test compaction by comparing the weight of a known volume of soil to. excessive deflection of the pavement structure under the compaction equipment; a deficiency in the asphalt concrete mix design. In the former case, the pavement on which the new asphalt concrete layer is being placed is weak. The weight of the rollers causes the pavement layers to bend excessively, placing the new mix in tension at the surface

Asphalt temperature is extremely important, and these systems help ensure that compaction is taking place at an appropriate temperature. Mapping Technology Documentation is a standard function on many intelligent compaction systems Asphalt millings are recycled bits from old asphalt after it is taken up and then ground into gravel.The millings are used by spreading them on a road surface or driveway and then compacted. They are also used as a base for later paving with hot mix asphalt or tar and chip

SECTION 1: HOT MIX ASPHALT - (SPECIFIC CLAUSES) 1.1 Material Descriptions The following are the material descriptions of Superpave HMA items that may be included in this contract: Materials Designation Description 402.017903 Truing & Leveling F9, 70 Series Compaction 402.018903 Truing & Leveling F9, 80 Series Compaction HOT MIX ASPHALT COMPACTION (PNEUMATIC TIRE ROLLERS) Section 401of the Standard Specifications is hereby revised for this project as follows: In subsection 401.17, first paragraph, delete the second sentence and replace with the following: Both steel wheel and pneumatic tire rollers will be required on this project. If the Contracto World of Asphalt is the leading trade show for the aggregate, asphalt, pavement maintenance, and traffic safety industry sectors. Dale Starry of Volvo Construction Equipment held the education session Compaction 101: Doing the Right Things, the Right Way at World of Asphalt 2019.Integrity is the heart of.. minimize resistance as the asphalt-aggregate mixture is compacted in the lab or on the road. Compaction is a densification process during which air voids are reduced by packing aggregates closer to each other. It is affected by asphalt viscosity because moving of aggregates requires flow of the asphalt binder films connecting the aggregates

Trimble Compaction Control Systems eliminate much of that guess work from asphalt paving operations and helps achieve more consistent compaction to target design density over the entire material layer. You will also be able to roll a more efficient pattern, increase productivity, and save fuel. Designed for use on any size asphalt compactor. Compaction is an essential factor in the design and subsequent production of asphalt mixtures. The available compaction temperature for Asphalt is one of the major controlling elements in this process. The compaction temperature influences workability of the asphalt mixtures Use the following tips to help in compaction. Lift thickness effects ability to compact mat density. Use the following tips to help in compaction. Table 12 in Item 341 list minimum and maximum lift thickness. The general rule of thumb 4 times the nominal maximum aggregate size Compaction degree is an essential parameter to characterize the construction quality and performance of asphalt pavement. Under the same compaction conditions, asphalt mixtures with different aggregate sizes and gradation may exhibit different compaction characteristics

typically exert compaction contact pressures between 7 and 18 psi Tampers are only useful for compacting soils in lifts 2 to 3 inches thick at near-optimum moisture content, if trying to achieve 90% of the ASTM D 1557 compaction standar The compaction operation is the final, critical step in the construction process of a durable asphalt pavement. This webinar will provide the attendee with a solid background on how compaction works and present best practices for conducting the compaction process that results in a durable, long-lasting and smooth asphalt pavement Compaction is the greatest determining factor that affects the long-term durability of a hot-mix asphalt pavement. Inadequate compaction results in a pavement with decreased stiffness, reduced fatigue life, accelerated aging. The compaction process is highly influenced by major mix proportion and temperature

Compacting Hot Mix Asphalt Pavements: Part I Roads & Bridge

YOUR GUIDE TO ASPHALT AND SOIL COMPACTION EQUIPMENT. Tuesday, August 6, 2019. Compaction of asphalt and soil is a necessary step in any construction process. Meeting the compaction targets set out in the design brief will ensure longevity and optimal performance of the construction project whether it be a major highway, a land subdivision or a. ATT-67/96, PERCENT COMPACTION, Asphalt Concrete Pavement 1.0 SCOPE This method describes the procedure for calculating the percent compaction of asphalt concrete pavement core densities for each lot and segment, as related to the average dry density of the field formed Marshall specimens compacted for the lot Compaction is about reaching your goals in the fewest passes possible. Ammann soil and asphalt compactors provide that needed efficiency through industry-leading technology and an ability to direct more force toward the target and away from the machine Hot mix asphalt compaction is influenced by not only the method of compaction, but also the physical properties of the materials used in the mix design, construction conditions, and environmental conditions. This review compares only the methods of compaction, assumin

Asphalt compaction finishing. Volvo CE is now offering a new rubber tyred compactor for finishing work in key emergent markets. Asphalt Paving, Compaction & Testing / February 16, 2021 SHARE . Volvo CE is now offering its efficient PT220 rubber tyred compactor to key emergent markets. 2: Proper asphalt thickness. A 2-in. layer of asphalt is spread after the fill has settled for several days. 3: Good asphalt compaction. The asphalt is compacted with heavy rollers soon after it's spread. If the asphalt cools too much before rolling, it can't be compacted well. The first step is finding a reputable contractor to do the job The item Compaction of asphalt mixtures and the use of vibratory rollers, by Thomas W. Kennedy [and others] ; conducted for Texas State Department of Highways and Public Transportation by the Center for Transportation Research, Bureau of Engineering Research, The University of Texas at Austin represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a distinct intellectual or artistic.

These compactors are mainly used as one of the last steps for compacting soil for road work and are also used to compact asphalt for sealing purposes. Vibratory Double Drum Rollers or Tandem Rollers. Smooth double drum roller compactors have optimal compaction capacity for reinforcement of soil, gravel, asphalt, and various soil subgrades Intelligent compaction is the compaction of road materials, such as the layers of soils, aggregate bases, or asphalt pavement materials, using modern and novel vibratory rollers armed with an integrated measurement system, an onboard computer reporting system, Global Positioning System (GPS) based mapping, and OFC (Optional Feedback Control) Understanding the asphalt temperature helps operators and supervisors determine when the asphalt can be compacted. • Monitoring material temperature • Helpful in making adjustments at the plant or in rolling pattern • Upper temperature limit that permits compaction is normally around 149C (300F) • Lower limit that permits compaction is

4 Tips to Achieve Optimal Asphalt Compactio

Solving this problem has led them to the Light Weight Deflectometer (LWD), a portable device that provides immediate data on the level of compaction of the gravel base across the pavement. Now, they regard the Light Weight Deflectometer as insurance that the base is compacted properly before they lay the asphalt on top A Driving Force In Asphalt . SUPERPAVE Update for NJDOT/NEAUPG Mechanistic . Pavement Design Seminar. Princeton, NJ -Feb. 25, 2003 . What is SUPERPAVE? New Asphalt Binder specification New Mix Design procedure using a new laboratory compaction device. We Have Three Asphalt New developments in asphalt compaction offer performance gains for contractors, with future innovations being unveiled - Mike Woof writes Advanced asphalt compactors are offering huge gains in performance over previous generation machines. Better working quality and finish is claimed for the latest machines, while future developments will offer sophisticated solutions - The Asphalt variant of the HCQ Navigator includes all sensors and measuring values relevant for the compaction of asphalt surfaces. - The Premium variant of the HCQ Navigator can be used in earthworks or asphalt mode, meaning that it is suitable for use in all applications Recycled Road Base 1 1/2″ Minus. Compactable Base Material manufactured from Concrete, Dirt, and Asphalt. Subgrade material for under asphalt, concrete, driveways, Patios, Pavers, etc. For best coverage spread and compact 3″ to 6″ deep compacting in 2″ - 3″ lifts. Quantity needed could vary based on varying levels of compaction.

Hot Mix Asphalt Testing and Inspection w Binder DVD HDProctor Compaction Test: A Basic Guide - Gilson Co

What is compaction? Soil compaction occurs when soil particles are pressed together, reducing pore space between them (Figure 1). Heavily compacted soils contain few large pores, less total pore volume and, consequently, a greater density. A compacted soil has a reduced rate of both water infiltration and drainage. This happens because large pores more effectively move water downward through. Compaction Control for Asphalt Compactors. Eliminate the guesswork, roll a more efficient pattern, increase productivity and save fuel. The surface will speak for itself. Request a Demo. Features and Benefits. Trimble compaction control systems help you roll a more uniform surface and increase your efficiency

Compaction Washington Asphalt Pavement Associatio

reported % compaction for the sublot. Assume that A. R. DOT specifications require 92 - 96 % compaction. Station WD 50 + 75 139.3 lb/ft³ . 89 + 20 141.2 lb/ft³ . 122 + 00 139.9 lb/ft³ . Hot Mix Asphalt Testing Technician Online Homewor The use of Warm Mix Asphalt improves the handling characteristics of asphalt and creates a more comfortable (working) environment for the asphalt workers and the public near work sites: For some technologies like foam, WMA can be compacted at a lower temperature than conventional HMA for an equivalent degree of compaction SGC. Optimum asphalt contents from the mix designs were compared. To evaluate the potential of over compaction in the SGC, comparisons of aggregate breakdown from each of the compactive efforts were analyzed. To assure that the mixtures achieved good stone-on-stone contact, laboratory rutting tests were conducted on each of the mix designs INTRODUCTION In the construction of highways, embankments, earth dams, and many other engineering projects, loose soils must be compacted to increase their unit weight. This aimed to achieve; 1. Increases Strength 2. Decreases permeability 3. Redu..

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1.1 This test method covers the compaction of asphalt mix into cylindrical specimens using the Superpave Gyratory Compactor (SGC). This standard also refers to the determination of the relative density of the compacted specimens at any point in the compaction process. Compacted specimens are suitable for volumetric, physical property, and mechanical testing Inadequate compaction. When placing hot-mix asphalt (HMA), ensure that the mix temperature is a minimum of 290°F at the mid-depth of the mat behind the screed when the compaction process begins. The ideal mix temperature will vary slightly depending on the binder type used in the mix design, lift thickness, the time available for compaction. after construction due to poor compaction by rolling results in rapid hardening of the asphalt binder. For example, in pavements which due to poor compaction had air voids of 12 and 14 percent immediately after rolling, the asphalt cement retained only 40 and 30 percent respectively, of the penetration at 77OF just after construction

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