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Piano exercises for both hands PDF

Piano scales exercises - practice scales with both hand

  1. More exercises. These are additional right-hand exercises concerning the same scale, downloadable as pdf-files: Major scales pattern 1. Major scales pattern 2. Major scales pattern 3. Additional exercises can be found in the member section. For learning the name of scales, you can train with these flashcards
  2. Practical Sight Reading Exercises for Piano Students-Boris Berlin 2000-03-01 Déchiffrage pour le piano 3-John Kember 2007-04-01 A progressive approach based on self-learning; 150 graduated exercises; Both hands treated equally for melody and chord playing; Hands together used throughout - Back cover
  3. graduated exercises - both hands treated equally - begins with four notes in each hand - introduction of the intervals of fourths and fifths - gradual extension of the range of notes, the keys and the variety of rhythms - short pieces in familiar style using known fingerings - introduction of easy pieces for the simultaneous use o

  1. This eBook is a collection of exercises for chord training. The purpose is to increase your harmonic vocabulary at the piano and widen your understanding of how chords can be used. You are presented of ways to play chords both with one and two hands. You will also see inverte
  2. For hand independence 5 Piano Exercises #5: Different Rhythms and Articulations try swinging the 8th notes #4: Different Rhythms For more variation, try starting with the left hand. Or try a different familiar melody. #3. Childhood melody in Canon Form.
  3. g the wrists and forcing the fingers to play from an awkward angle. Moving back a little and returning the trunk to a vertical position will cause the arms to pull the hands gently backwards
  4. Basic Left Hand Patterns, 2. Jazz, Blues, and Boogie-Woogie Left Hand Patterns, 3. Rock and Pop Left Hand Patterns, and 4. New Age and Contemporary Left Hand Patterns. I only included 100 left hand patterns, but there are so many more patterns you can create. See what you can come up with and take your piano playing to the next level
  5. 5 Piano Exercises (for hand independence) piano exercise #1: Dynamics. The first exercise is a two-handed scale. But instead of playing C scale with both hands and calling it a day, we're going to go a step further. In the first part of the piano exercise, the right hand is loud while the left hand is quiet. This is very difficult
  6. Piano studies and finger exercises for Beginner - Advanced - Professional: No. Descripton: Download sheet: 1: Berens - 20 Children Studies, op 79.pdf: 2: Berens - 50 Piano Pieces for Beginners, op 70.pdf
  7. Piano Studies by Czerny. A collection of short etudes arranged in order of difficulty. There is a wider variety of keys used than in most collections of Czerny etudes, which make these great for sight reading practice. Short exercises covering a wide range of techniques including scales, ornaments, thirds, etc

pianoexercises.org is a collection of etudes and exercises for piano. All music is available for free in PDF format. Download exercises by Czerny, Hanon, Kullak, and more. Below is an overview of the available exercises: Three sets of studies including Op. 29, Op. 32, and Op. 100. Easy to intermediate etudes from Op. 100 and Op. 109 As I said at the beginning, playing the piano with both hands at the same time is a huge achievement. And like all big achievements, it doesn't happen overnight. It takes time. But so do all good things. Try practicing one or two of these exercises for 5 minutes each time you sit at the piano, and try to do it every day A key element of the piano finger exercises is the focus on the daily repetitions of strengthening hands and fingers. The primary idea is to instil independence and flexibility in the performing digits, allowing every pianist's internal virtuoso out onto the musical stage. Through the focused and concentrated practice of these exercises, all. 3-4 In the next two piano exercises, both hands are playing Legato at the same time. 5-6 The next exercises focus on playing Staccato. with each hand separately. The notes should be played with a bouncing touch. Make sure that the notes are short and detached. 7-8 In the next piano exercises, both hands are playing staccato together The notes in these exercises are based off the first five notes of the C scale. The goal here isn't to have you playing all over the piano, it is to have you playing different things between the hands. Removing questions about which notes to play will really allow you to focus on those independent feelings

5 Piano Exercises for Hand Independence: PianoTV

In this lesson, I am going to guide you through some easy two hand piano training exercises I made. These patterns will help improve your coordination and h.. Want to get better at hand coordination or hand independence on the piano? Use these 3 simple exercises to start putting that left hand together with the rig.. Great site - thank you for the effort of collecting all the exercises. In the description of the first exercise is written: Stretch between the fifth and fourth fingers of the left hand in ascending, and the fifth and fourth fingers of the right hand in descending. But if I read the score correctly, the stretch is in 5-4 left and 1-2 Right Hand.Both in the ascending part

Practising the Piano eBook Series . There are surprisingly few books that deal with the art of practising. This multimedia eBook series contains hundreds of videos, audio clips, music examples and downloadable worksheets to show you exactly what need to do in order to get the most out of your practice time 5 KEY AWARENESS Scale is a sequence of tones. It is a base to make music. The main scales of western music are major and minor scales. Every scale determines a key,that is an harmonic combunation of tone Additional exercises to learn how to play piano with both hands. The first exercise we are going to practice is a 1-octave C Major scale, played in contrary motion. In simple terms, we are going to start with both of our thumbs on middle C, play in opposite directions until both hands have reached another C, and then return In today's lesson, I will give you a two hand piano training using scales. Scales are a great exercise to begin practicing playing hands together. From the.. Finger/hand Independence Exercises . To help you strengthen finger independence, Michelle shows you three exercises in the following video. The first exercise is done on the fallboard.. This exercise helps with keeping the proper hand shape necessary to play the piano and keeping the hand in one position without moving around too much

Here are some great exercises that can help you to achieve your goal. Experiment with these practice ideas to get your playing in sync! Scales, Scales, Scales! The major scales are the building blocks of western music! In terms of working toward coordinated hand function, scales can be great piano hand coordination exercises Welcome to this lesson on Hands Coordination. Over the course of teaching through video lessons, I've gotten thousands of emails. The number one problem people have is getting their right hand and left hand to play together. I had the same problem when I started out It was demoralizing. But, after a lot of trial Continue reading Hands Coordination [PSH] Start by drawing around the hands of the child on a sheet of paper, or alternatively you can print the finger chart shown below. Ask the child to number the fingers 1 -5 on both hands starting with the thumbs as 1 and the little fingers as 5. Explain that when learning piano, we number our fingers to help us tell which ones to use

Piano studies and finger exercises for - csokabeata

Here's a simple but powerful exercise that will help you work on your left and right hand independence on the piano. The idea is to focus on technically simp.. Piano Exercises by Konrad Kunz. The collection of piano exercises we'll be looking at today is called 200 Short 2-Part Canons, op. 14 by Konrad Kunz. The specific piece we'll be playing is the op. 14, no. 95 canon, in F major. This canon is actually in the RCM syllabus for RCM grade 2, as a list C piece. List C pieces at this level. It's like my hands didn't want to cooperate with my brain. I found myself singing sheet music and then transferring the arrangement to piano by ear. Let me be clear that I COULD READ MUSIC — just slowly, painfully, and I needed to read both clefts separately, look at my hands, and then memorize. This book has been incredible

Carl Czerny: Piano Exercises and Etude

  1. both hands so they can be used for comping behind another soloist, comping behind their own solo, or playing a melody in the right hand. • Omit the root of the chord and have students double the voicings in both hands. • Adding one note to our guide tone voicings creates a more rich and colorful sound
  2. right hand melody line, you're qualified to take our workshop so you can learn about chords. Adding chords to your melodies makes the music complete, and learning chords is easier than you might imagine. Since 1982 we have specialized in providing the finest possible instruction in all aspects of pop piano. We offer both workshops an
  3. Try to practice piano music scales that share the same fingering first, and always hands separately. It may be fun to play both hands together, but it's more important to first of all be able to confidently play one hand at a time without effort. Now go and do some finger-jogging with these piano scale exercises

Request: to those who have found this material useful, please make an effort to let at least two people know about my web site, so that we can start a chain reaction of ever more people that will be informed of this site. I am looking for volunteers to translate this book into any language. See Notes fo to become The Virtuoso Pianist in 60 Exercises in the title of the Hanon exercises (see h. Problems with Hanon Exercises). In piano pedagogy, the most essential tool for the teacher and the student - a reasonably complete set of instructions on how to practice, had been missing until this book was written

5 Piano Exercises for Hand Independence: PianoTV

Piano Exercises: Learn Piano Techniqu

Play Piano With Both Hand

Hanon exercises - 240 Piano finger exercises in all key

  1. utes before perfor
  2. Objectives: The student recognizes the left hand versus the right hand; the student learns the abbreviations LH and RH; and the student understands the fingering numbering system for piano (1-5), for both hands. Happy Birthday Song » 31.0 KiB - 17,131 hits - 14 April 2013 This pdf is a simple arrangement of the Happy Birthday song
  3. ding the primary chords and matching notes of a melody with the primary chords; the process is actually quite straight forward. with practice, chord recognition becomes.
  4. Blues-Hanon-50-Exercises-For-The-Beginning-To 2/3 PDF Drive - Search and download PDF files for free. The first exercise starts with sixteenth notes patterns in both hands that repeats through the chromatic scale, i.e. second repitition is on a D flat chord. with the metronome at 60; similarly practise all the following piano exercises.
  5. Method for the Piano, Opus 101: Elements of Music: Values of Notes and Rests: Time Signatures: Accidentals: Piano Keyboard: Right Hand Exercises (for Touch) Left Hand Exercises (for Touch) Exercises for Both Hands: Teacher/Student Duets for 3 Hands: Exercises for Both Hands: Exercises with Eighth Note
  6. For studying the 20 exercises, begin with the metronome set at 60, gradually increasing the speed up to 108. Lift the fingers high and with precision, playing each note very distinctly. Observe that, throughout the exercises, both hands are continually executing the same difficulties; in this way the left hand becomes as skilful as the right
  7. Blues-Hanon-50-Exercises-For-The-Beginning-To 2/3 PDF Drive - Search and download PDF files for free. - starts with sixteenth notes patterns in both hands that repeats through the chromatic scale, i.e. second Hanon exercises - 240 Piano finger exercises in all keys Quer aprender Piano comigo do ZERO at

The coordination will come a lot easier when you're not stressing out about playing with both hands. Instead of worrying, try clearing your mind and letting it flow. Most of all, trust in your abilities. And of course: practice, practice, practice! Related: Piano Practice Tips. 4. Visualize Playing with Both Hands Even advanced pianists have to work hard to put both hands together when passages are rhythmically tricky or technically challenging. The difficulty of playing two different parts with two different hands makes piano playing a fantastic brain exercise. If you can learn to do this, you can do just about anything.. Blues-Hanon-50-Exercises-For-The-Beginning-To 2/3 PDF Drive - Search and download PDF files for free. - Kindle edition by Deneff, exercise starts with sixteenth notes patterns in both hands that repeats through the chromatic scale, i.e. second repitition is on a D Hanon exercises - 240 Piano finger exercises in all key Piano exercises can improve the way you play and heighten awareness of your mental and physical approach to the piano. Warm up before piano exercises by stretching and contracting your wrists; and then try your hand at chord relaxation and playing with one hand on top of the other. And remember to incorporate fluid breathing [ Step 1: What This Exercise Does. I've designed a specific exercise that you can play on your piano to work out and strengthen your left hand. Let's talk a little about what you'll find in this exercise before you try it. This exercise (video in Step 6) is designed to give your left hand fingers more of a work than your right hand

Best Piano Exercises - Piano Play I

Hand Independence For Beginners - Learn Piano with Step by

Playing the piano with both hands together, is considerably more difficult than just right-hand playing. But no matter how much you enjoy playing melodies with the right and left hands separately, the time comes when you have to get these two great friends together. You have several things to keep in mind when you attempt [ Chord-building can also double as powerful piano fingering exercises that can give pianists increased finger strength and music theory knowledge. Basic chords, or triads, are built off of three notes. Both hands will use the 1, 3 and 5 fingers to play basic chords. There's two ways we can think about building chords Volume 2 has 14 jazz piano exercises and tricks of the trade, and quite a bit of it is Calypso jazz piano related material, including some Monty Alexander and Michel Camilo style grooves. Jazz piano education is through the ears, but books like this can help. buy pdf version - buy coil binding versio Awesome Tips and Exercises that Will Improve Hand Independence. Playing with both hands is something that pretty much every pianist will start to learn how to do early in their lessons and playing. Often, one hand will play the melody line and the other hand will play chords. This means that while we're using both of our hands at the same.

Give both the accompaniment and the improvised melody a character through the use of tempo and dynamics: perhaps happy, sad, aggressive, etc., so that the result will sound expressive, and not like an exercise. Suggestion for the melody: sometimes play in octaves using right and left hand 11 Piano Exercises for Beginners Covering The Pentascales. This is a very useful exercise, for beginners as well as more experienced players. The best approach would be to start slow, and then gradually gain speed as you go along. You should use all five fingers, and use both hands, so that the pattern stays the same

Hanon Exercises. Every pianist either has or will encounter Hanon Exercises at some point in their piano playing career. These exercises, titled The Virtuoso Pianist by Charles-Louis Hanon, is a compilation of sixty exercises meant to train the pianist in speed, precision, agility, and strength of all of the fingers and flexibility in the wrists Total price: $31.63. Add all three to Cart Add all three to List. One of these items ships sooner than the other. Show details. Buy the selected items together. This item: Essential Finger Exercises: Piano by Ernst von Dohnanyi Paperback $16.45. Only 4 left in stock (more on the way). Ships from and sold by Amazon.com Air with 8 Variations, for three hands; viz: for the teacher, and the pupil's left hand alone ; Duets for the teacher and the pupil's both hands ; Exercises for both hands, within the Intervals of C4-G4 and C5-G5 ; Duets for acquiring the knowledge of the notes up to D6 ; Exercise for acquiring the knowledge of the notes down to G With your left hand, play the root note of the chord. This means if you're playing a C chord, play only the note C in your left hand. If you're playing the am chord, play an A only in the left hand. Now we're working on hands together which helps you to learn 2 things, playing chords and playing with both hands at the same time. 5 The exercise below is excellent for going through this common chord progression in all the keys. Notice the root motion but play the chords in both hands. Watch your hands and notice the patterns that emerge. The one chord becomes the ii min7 for the next key. Try playing a melody through the changes

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Easy Two Hand Piano Exercises for Beginners - YouTub

PDF Downloads Common chords, scales, & progressions; This is the most important exercise to progress to the next stage of your jazz piano journey. If i am meant to learn them with both hands do you think it would be beneficial to learn with the right hand first and then add the left once I am comfortable knowing all the notes and shapes. My piano teacher made me play scales unisono with both hands over two octaves forward and backward, but with a twist: play one hand straight and the other one syncopated. Then the other way around. In itself it may seem boring but at the time it was a real challenge. Also, we used Bartok's Mikrokosmos mainly

Make sure to try out these exercises using lots of different scales and arpeggios. And remember to practice them before every practice session! You can also play these exercises with the left hand, and even try them with both hands together. Once done, nothing keeps you from playing the piano like Ryan Gosling in La La Land! Related article BEBOP PERPETUAL MOTION FIGURE 1. The first six notes are a popular fragment using the segment of the bebop scale with the passing tone. The next four are a truncated version of the same fragment, but in a different place in the bar. The line is extended up the G7 chord in 3rds, using a sharp 11th to bypass the avoid note, and then back. Glide your hand across the keys and feel for the black keys. If you need to play a C, D, or E, feel for the group of two black keys. If you need to play an A, B, F, or G, feel for the group of three black keys. This exercise will build up your muscle memory so that you know where to position your hands while you play

Essentially, with more and more chords and scales comes more and more piano mastery. So learn them in all their forms: root position, inversions, arpeggios, patterns, hands-sparately, hands-together. The A piano chords are just one little piece of the huge chords-and-scales picture The Finger Gauntlet (Both Hands) Finger Strengthening Exercises Tutor: Zach Evans Zach Evans. Piano University (PSH: Become a Piano Superhuman) 120 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 1. working pdf sample. Note also that each link will open a new page in your browser, so you will eventually need to cancel them (or just close the browser)

1. Place your hand palm down with fingers . straight on a flat surface. 2. Lift your affected finger(s) up and off the . table, keeping the finger straight. 3. Hold for a count of 3. Relax. Return to the . starting position. 4. Repeat _____ times. Finger Extension Exercises . 1. Place your hand palm down on a flat surface. 2 Treble Clef Exercise #2 Every E Good G Boy B Does D Fine F E LINES: Write each note on the correct line using quarter notes. Notes below B should have a stem on the right side facing up. Notes above B have stems facing down from the left side. The stem on the note B can face either direction B GD G D BF B F E G F D B Bars 4-7 has the eight-note motif in the left hand, accompanied by chords in the right hand. The left hand stretches a full octave here. Most hands can do this without too much effort, but don't keep the hand in a stretched position neither before or after the actual stretch. Let it contract and relax to keep the muscles supple Scale & Arpeggio Fingerings for Piano Rules and tricks for remembering the fingerings for two octave scales and arpeggios on the piano. Major Scale Groups Group 1: C, G, D, A, E 3rd finger in each hand always plays together. Both thumbs play at the octave. Oddball: F F is like C, but the RH goes 1234 123 1234 1234. Group 2: D♭/C#, G♭/F#, B/C

Beginners Piano - The Basics Introduction To master the piano will take many years of practice but to get started and work up to an intermediate level can be a lot easier and quicker than many people imagine. Here are some basic lessons to get you started followed by a complete chord sheet with the 24 basic major and minor chords Gospel PDF Chord Guide First Name * Email * Submit. 5 Ways To Improve Your Left Hand. in Exercises,Piano. if I practice for two hours straight (sometimes I go longer) and I alternate hands and practice the same things on both hands with equal practice times, then break for 30 min, and hour but go back to the practice the same day for.

Chords for Piano Compiled by Simon Creedy PLEASE DISTRIBUTE FREELY The contents of this pdf file can be distributed freely and are available to everyone. The idea behind doing this was basically that I couldnt find any chord diagrams that werent either being charged for or were too small to read.I figured it should be made available to all.. Hand therapy exercises can help improve strength and dexterity in the hands and fingers. They are especially helpful for improving fine motor skills after a neurological event like stroke or brain injury. Furthermore, hand strengthening exercises like these can also help prevent conditions like arthritis from getting worse. If you want some effective, therapeutic exercises 39 Restorative. Increase Your Finger Speed On The Piano! Today I'm going to teach you a few finger exercises to help you build up speed and dexterity on the piano. Let's start our finger exercise in that old standby, C Major. With whatever hand you choose to start with, play the first five notes of the scale, using all five fingers Sight Reading - 354 Reading Exercises in C Position. Sight-reading at the Piano. Some pianists enjoy it. Some pianists hate it, but everyone can do it and everyone can get better at it. Once in a while I hear a student pianist say I'm not good at sight-reading music and for some reason they don't expect that to change

requirements are introduced. However, the demands, both technical and physical, of playing individual requirements on the piano was the final decider when determining what should be set at any grade. There are many different types of useful exercises for developing technique that could have been included in the syllabus but haven't been 2:18. 0:00 / 2:18. Live. •. Lesson 7 - Left Hand Rhythm Todd Hobin demonstrates how to play with left hand rhythm. It adds another important step on your way to learning piano, and you can see in the video how imperative left hand rhythm can be. It adds another level to the song, and makes it sound that much better Welcome to the Intermediate Piano Lessons Section! Once you have an understanding of the concepts taught in the beginner piano lessons section, then you are ready to start building on those concepts here!You will be learning how to play piano using new chords as well as new rhythmic patterns

Playing piano with both hands: 3 SIMPLE hand coordination

Isidor Phillip - Exercises For Independence Of Fingers - Book 1 By Isidor Philipp - Sheet Music For Piano: Buy print music G. Schirmer (HL.50327210) | Sheet Music Plus A few minutes a day with this training exercise will greatly improve your piano music sight reading skills. It is adjustable to any skill level via preset exercises or custom settings including key signature, note selection, accidentals, practice range, labels, and ledger lines. Optional piano sounds also make this a great ear training drill 0:00 / 1:57. Live. •. Here are some examples of 25 Beginner Piano Tutorials included in the Adult Piano Lesson guide. Quickly find free easy piano sheet music, beginner piano tutorials, piano finger exercises, music theory and much more Exam Practice Sheets. Note Reading. Printables and More. FREE! Printable Music Note Naming Worksheets. Teachers, please feel free to print and make copies, provided that you retain the printed copyright information on each sheet, and use only for your personal, private teaching practice, and/or classroom use

The history of piano music for the left hand alone really began with the invention of the modern piano in the 18th century. There are a few early works, which may as well be played with one hand on the organ or the harpsichord, but it was the invention of the sostenuto (or forte) pedal, that made the whole difference Here, you can see the numbering of both hands again: Now repeat the above exercise with your right hand. Shake it! As a final exercise in this lesson, we will improve the movement of your fingers by typing on the computer keyboard. Put your fingers on your keyboard and place the fingers of your left hand on the keys as follows: Finger #5 on the ABRSM Classical Piano Scales Gr2 Page 2 of 4 www.tilby.co.uk E Minor Harmonic Scale (2 Octaves)Both Hands Together and Separately D Minor Harmonic Scale (2 Octaves) Both Hands Together and Separately G Minor Harmonic Scale (2 Octaves) Both Hands Together and Separately C Major Scale in Contrary Motion (2 Octaves) Hands Togethe

Piano theory worksheets give kids the extra practice they need to master the musical concepts and become proficient musicians. When you help kids really understand their theory, learning new songs is easier and kids are better able to enjoy themselves at the piano.. Here you'll find a collection of free printable piano theory worksheets.Watch the video to see a quick introduction of the. Piano scales in C and Arpeggio : right hand. Piano scales to be practiced as below every day slowly with each hand separately, care being paid to the passage of the thumb and to the flexibility of the wrist. Exercises for piano : scales . Scales in C and Arpeggio on piano. Left hand

It will provide scale exercises for each hand separately and both hands together, as well as fingering tips. Move On To The Next Major Scale. Once you have mastered the C Major Scale, many people move on to learn the next common scale, the G Major Scale More rhythm exercises are available on the Percussion Exercises page. If you find these rhythm reading exercises useful, please consider making a donation to cover the costs of running this site ($5-10 suggested, any amount appreciated) Stroke Recovery Hand and Finger Exercises Can Improve Quality of Life. The ability to use your hands to grasp and release objects, type at a computer, button a shirt, or even write a note to someone you love is so important to a high quality of life. If your stroke has robbed you of this ability, take action to improve your quality of life by beginning an at-home exercise program Slowly bend your elbows and lift both hands towards your chest. When your hands are halfway up, stop lifting and hold the position for about 6 seconds. Now slowly lower your hands back down to your lap. Rest a bit. Repeat this exercise 10 times, always moving gently. If your arm gets tired or begins to swell, take breaks

Save your markings on the piano by copying the web address in your browser. This also allows you to share your markings with others. For example, here is a F minor seventh chord and an E major scale. Free interactive piano exercises. Try the online piano exercises and learn how to identify and play notes, intervals, chords, and scales on the. Chopin and Liszt's contribution to piano technique may also be summarized by the following: they combined the use of both the mind and the body in piano technique. It was no longer about fingerings but the right mental attitude and the engagement of the mind in both practice and performance Now work your way back down to the root inversion at the starting octave. Do it slowly at first, then build up speed. Don't just do it with your right hand, do it with your left hand also. Inversions give a nice flavor or texture to the same chord. They are useful for making progressions on piano easier to play and smoother sounding. Just.

Piano Exercises for Beginners | Develop Your Piano PlayingSuper Teacher Worksheets: Piano Exercises for TheoryUkulele Exercises: My Daily Workout | Andrea FortunaLearn to play the piano or keyboard

Themes begin with the right hand, while the left hand augments them in a sort of call and reply way. With the theme continuing to evolve on the right hand, the left hand continues to also expand, bringing in lower notes until both hands are employing almost the full range of the piano keyboard Blues Piano I - ED 21512 (includes Chapters 1-3, and the CD for both volumes) Blues Piano II - ED 22451 (includes Chapters 4-5, and the index for both volumes) Italy. The Italian translation IMPROVISARE IL BLUES AL PIANO was published as a single volume by Volonté & Co in 2016. ISBN: 978-88-63886-14-6. Spain Hanon - Virtuoso Pianist in 60 Exercises - Complete Schirmer's Library of Musical Classics, Vol. 925 Since the first release of this classic Schirmer edition over 100 years ago, almost anyone who has taken piano lessons for more than two years has played from The Virtuoso Pianist.Millions of copies have been sold of these progressive exercises which guide a player's technique, building finger. Perform the exercises three to five times with each hand, working up to 10 to 15 reps. Repeat with the other hand. After working on pinch, take a minute to fully open the hand and stretch the. The course comes with supplementary material in the form of PDF's that you can download and print off to have handy at your piano or keyboard. This way it makes it easier to practise the songs/exercises etc by being able to have them up on your music stand, as well as having the lesson info/chord finding methods easily accessible so you can.