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Christmas Island Operation Grapple

Operation Grapple. When Derek last visited Christmas Island, it was as a 20-year-old RAF serviceman - he had no idea he was about to take part in a huge operation involving a bomb 1,000 times more. Operation Grapple was a massive operation. During this time, approximately 20,000 British servicemen were deployed to Kiritimati (Christmas Island), alongside several hundred New Zealand and.

BBC - Inside Out - East - Christmas Island H-bomb controvers

Fijian troops on Christmas Island during Operation Grapple. Photo: Photo courtesy Mrs Loata Masi On that day, 28 April 1958, a Royal Air Force plane dropped Britain's largest ever hydrogen bomb off the shore of Kiritimati, then called Christmas Island, in the colony of Gilbert and Ellice Islands Operation Grapple was a British nuclear testing scheme in 1957 and 1958. Those involved claimed they had numerous medical issues as a result. Held in Malden Island and Christmas Island in the. Terry Quinlan, 79, who now lives in Kent, was 19 when he was deployed to Christmas Island for Operation Grapple. He told me how they lived in tents in intense heat and were eaten alive by. Operation Grapple Christmas Island, 1958. Died of kidney failure in 2004, at 67. Five children, one with severe thyroid and joint issues, one has skin cancer, chronic fatigue syndrome and.

Call the Midwife Operation Grapple & nuclear testing on

73 Squadron. The whole of 36 Corps Engineer Regiment ('Corps' was part of the Regiment's title since it was under the direct command of the 1 (BR) Corps Commander and, thus, Corps Troops) was on Christmas Island, Pacific Ocean, during the period 1957-9 (literally at the end of the Operation Grapple X, Y & Z series atomic bomb tests. A look at the uniform worn by the Royal Navy ratings who bore witness to the Operation Grapple nuclear tests in 1957 through 1958. Documentary on Britain's a.. The British nuclear weapon tests on Kiritimati Island had profound and lasting cultural consequences for both atomic veterans and local islanders, writes Becky Alexis-Martin. Friday 12 June 2020.

Operation Grapple, and operations Grapple X, Grapple Y and Grapple Z, were the names of British nuclear weapons tests of very-early hydrogen bombs.These tests were carried out from 1956 until 1958 at Malden Island and Christmas Island in the Central Pacific Ocean. Nine nuclear explosions were executed during these series of nuclear weapon tests, culminating in the United Kingdom's becoming the. He first travelled to Christmas Island in 1956 about HMNZS Lachlan, as the NZ warship surveyed the island in the build-up to the test. In July 1957, as a member of the Fiji Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, he returned to Christmas Island and went on to witness seven nuclear detonations during Operation Grapple Operation Grapple, and operations Grapple X, Grapple Y and Grapple Z, were the names of British nuclear weapons tests of very-early hydrogen bombs. These tests were carried out from 1956 until 1958 at Malden Island and Christmas Island in the Central Pacific Ocean. Nine nuclear explosions were exec Operation Grapple was four series of British tests of atomic and hydrogen bombs carried out in 1957 and 1958 at Malden Island and Kiritimati—Christmas Island—in the Pacific ocean as part of the British hydrogen bomb programme Operation Grapple X. 8 November 1957, Valiant XD824 dropped a device offshore of Christmas Island, the yield was much bigger than expected at 1.8 megatons. The blast caused some structural damage to the base on the north of the island, 24 miles away

From Christmas Island, Hubbard had aimed the Valiant south, over the equator, and was now circling at 45,000ft above Malden Island, a low outcrop notable only for its coating of bird dung. The RNZN and Operation Grapple. When HMNZ Ships PUKAKI and ROTOITI, two of our Loch-class frigates, departed Auckland for Christmas Island at 0900 Thursday, 14 March, 1957 they became an essential part of Operation Grapple, Britain's hydrogen bomb tests in the Pacific. Britain's determination to retain its status as a great power in a Cold. Operation Grapple The bomb tests moved to a desert island in the South Pacific, where Britain exploded the most powerful weapon it has ever built. When Eric left Shirley for Christmas Island with the rest of 76 Squadron, it was for a six-month mission they believed would keep them, and Britain, safe Christmas Island, and Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) planes assisted with transport and radiation monitoring around the region. Finally, the Colonial Office—a more junior partner in the hierarchy— had to address the costs and consequences for the British GEIC. 26 During the Grapple operation, Gilbertese islanders were hired as. Operation Grapple was conducted over Malden Island and Christmas Island in the Central Pacific during 1957-8. It followed on from the Montebello Tests on the coast of Western Australia, after the Australian government disallowed testing of thermonuclear devices on its soil. Operation Grapple, involved 9 nuclear blasts, most were airdrop tests.

The finger fell upon Christmas Island, the Pacific's largest atoll, a 1000 miles south of Hawaii and 1500 miles north of Fiji and adjacent to Malden Island. The British H-bomb tests on Christmas Island, were code-named Operation Grapple. The 4-pointed iron grapple symbolising inter-service cooperation on the project - Army, Navy, Airforce. Grapple X was an UK hydrogen bombGrapple X was dropped and detonated over the southern end of Christmas Island on 8 November 1957.His yield was approximaivel.. The Pacific programme of British thermo-nuclear tests, Operation 'Grapple', began in 1957. The testing of a large megaton-yield weapon had dictated that a new site be found and Christmas Island, a remote coral atoll 2 deg. north of the Equator, was chosen. The tri-Service and civilian task force for 'Grapple' was commanded initially by. Trials film with commentary featuring the detonation of Operation Grapple Y on 28 April 1958 at Christmas Island in the South Pacific. Features various camera sites and the explosion from different viewpoints, including a highspeed Eastman Kodak camera onboard a Valiant bomber and a 35mm Arriflex onboard one of the Shackleton observation aircraft Operation Grapple was the name given to the series of British Nuclear tests of the Hydrogen bomb, they were conducted between 1956 and 1958 at Malden Island (now called Kirimati) in the Central Pacific and at Christmas Island. There were nine tests, which was the start of Great Britain becoming part of the Nuclear Powers

For veterans of British nuclear tests, a 60-year fight for

Title: OPERATION GRAPPLE ON CHRISTMAS ISLAND [Allocated Title] Film Number: MGH 6816 Other titles: AMATEUR FILM BY SERGEANT JARDINE [Alternative Title] Summary: Amateur film without titles shot by Sergeant Jardine of the activities of the Royal Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC) Special Unit during the period of Operation Grapple, 1956-1957. Description: The footage covers everyday activities of. 8 november 1957 Christmas Island (Kiritimati), British Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony united Kingdom restarts Operation Grapple on Christmas Island, with Grapple X hydrogen bomb test (1 .8 megatons) . 31 March 1958 Moscow, uSSR uSSR suspends its nuclear test program, in lead up to negotiations for a nuclear test ban treaty Teeua Tetua was a child during the British nuclear weapons tests, known as Operation Grapple, on the Kiritimati (Christmas) and Malden Islands, then under British colonial control. During one test she remembers gathering on the tennis courts in her village in the middle of the night. The people were really afraid, she recalled. The British [

In Operation Grapple Y, the British military dropped a three-megaton atomic bomb above the sea off Christmas Island on April 28 1958. Mr Denson was ordered to fly through the swelling mushroom. The British programme began with Operation Hurricane on October 3 1952 and culminated in Grapple, a set of four nuclear weapons test series of early atomic bombs and hydrogen bombs carried out in 1957 and 1958 at Malden Island and Christmas Island

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OperationGrappleXmasIslandHbomb

The atomic history of Kiritimati - a tiny island where

  1. Operation Grapple Arnold, Lorna: Britain and the H-Bomb (Palgrave Macmillan, London, [Fijian troops at Britain's Christmas Island nuclear tests] (Pacific Concerns Resource Centre, Suva, 1999). Smith, Joan: Clouds of Deceit—the deadly legacy of Britain's bomb test
  2. Both Rotoiti and Pukaki were ordered to return to Christmas Island for further nuclear tests to be detonated off the coast of Christmas Island. After a voyage filled with the familiar exercises, we rejoined a greatly depleted Operation Grapple Task Force
  3. At 85, I'm one of three aircrew still alive from Operation Grapple, and to my knowledge I'm the only person to drop two nuclear bombs. the drop on 8 November was just off Christmas Island.
  4. Dr Turner found out about the after effects of Operation Grapple (Picture: BBC
  5. ic, undertaking a further 31 detonations on Kiritimati.. About 20,000 British servicemen, 524 New Zealand soldiers and 300 Fijian soldiers were deployed to Christmas Island from 1956 to 1962
  6. ic. John's father was in the Army and served at Operation Grapple, making John both a veteran and descendant of the nuclear tests. On a Wednesday in September 1961, I left a comfortable billet at RAF.
  7. HMS Messina 1956/7 Christmas Island in 1956. Written by peter sisson. H bomb tests.Christmas Island.in the Pacific..Operation Grapple
MaritimeQuest - Roy Noble Collection

Daughter born with S-shaped bones and teeth growing

  1. Men of 'B' Company, 1st Battalion, Royal Highland Fusiliers on Christmas Day, 25 December 1994. Major David Crumlish has a whiskey with the men at a checkpoint in the Vitez area, Bosnia. In October 1992, 2,400 British troops deployed to Bosnia and Croatia under Operation Grapple and became operational in November
  2. Operation Grapple; Christmas Island, 1958; Died of acute kidney failure in 2004, aged 67. Five children, one with severe thyroid and joint issues the other has has skin cancer, chronic fatigue syndrome, and unexplained lesions on legs. One grandson born with faulty heart valve, one diagnosed aged three with cancer of the nervous syste
  3. Hi, I took part in 'Operation Grapple' when on the Cavalier in 1958. A while ago I did a search for the Grapple Tie with no success. I would very much appreciate the chance to wear your Fathers tie. If you could e mail me we could arrange something. Many thanks, in anticipation
  4. Christmas and Malden Islands Operation Grapple consisted of nine detonations over Christmas Island and Malden Island in the South Pacific Ocean between November 1957 and September 1958. The first was the 1.8 megaton Grapple X test on 8 November 1957
  5. Grapple Y, April 28 1958 Christmas and Malden Islands were the sites of extensive atmospheric nuclear testing by the United Kingdom and United States during the late 1950s and early 1960s. Operation Grapple was the code name for a series of British H-bomb tests. In 1957 and 58 Britain exploded nine thermonuclear bombs at Christmas
  6. OPERATION GRAPPLE CHRISTMAS ISLAND BY JOHN WARD - SHORTHAND TYPIST WITH 1325 DAKOTA FLIGHT
  7. Operation Grapple - British nuclear tests at Kiritimati - Christmas Island Operation Antler - British nuclear tests at Maralinga, Australia - (-30° 10' 0.00, +131° 37' 0.00) Maralinga, South Australia - (PDF) Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency)

The Pacific programme of British thermo-nuclear tests, Operation 'Grapple', began in 1957. The testing of a large megaton-yield weapon had dictated that a new site be found and Christmas Island, a remote coral atoll 2 deg. north of the Equator, was chosen. The tri-Service and civilian task force for 'Grapple' Code-named Operation Grapple, Britain's tests at Christmas (also known as Kiritimati) and neighboring Malden Island ranged from a 3,000-kiloton explosion 8,200 feet in the air and far out to sea. I am looking for some of my old comrades from Christmas Island. We were the advance party of 20 Squadron 36 Cer Royal Engineers from Invicta Lines, Maidstone. We flew to Christmas Island in July 1958 to take part in Operation Grapple and returned on July 1959 . Some of the men I am looking for ( I cannot remember all of the names) Operation Grapple was a set of four British nuclear weapons test series of early atomic bombs and hydrogen bombs carried out in 1957 and 1958 at Malden Island and Kiritimati (Christmas Island) in the Gilbert and Ellice Islands in the Pacific Ocean (modern Kiribati) as part of the British hydrogen bomb programme.Nine nuclear explosions were initiated, culminating in the United Kingdom becoming. Terry Quinlan, 79, who now lives in Kent, was 19 when he was deployed to Christmas Island for Operation Grapple. His experiences of lax health and safety echo those of many nuclear test veterans.

UK Vets BRITAIN'S PACIFIC NUKE

April 8 @ 12:00 - 13:00. « 24 Mar - Commemorative events at Pukeahu Memorial Park in Wellington. 10 Apr (MCE) - Opening of the redeveloped CET Arena/PN Showgrounds ». 8 Apr (MMMHP) - Operation GRAPPLE - Nuclear testing on Christmas Island, by Roy Sefton (TBC) Download Poster. Operation GRAPPLE Presentation (Presentation slides. Operation Grapple X: How a plucky group of boffins made Britain a nuclear superpower. O n the evening of November 8, 1957, over a tiny atoll in the Pacific Ocean, a scientific test changed the.

Sixty years ago, in 1957, the United Kingdom began a series of hydrogen bomb tests at Malden Island and Christmas Island, both now part of Kiribati in the central Pacific. Operation Grapple. Operation Grapple, and operations Grapple X, Grapple Y and Grapple Z, were the names of British nuclear weapons tests of very early hydrogen bombs.These tests were carried out from 1956 until 1958 at Malden Island and Christmas Island in the Central Pacific Ocean.Nine nuclear explosions were executed during these series of nuclear weapon tests, culminating in the United Kingdom's becoming the. Because we are finally making payments to 24 surviving veterans of the more than 70 Fijian soldiers who, in 1958, were sent to take part in the British nuclear test program at Christmas Island, in what was then the Gilbert Islands and is now Kiribati. It was called Operation Grapple and today we are still grappling with its effects On May 15, 1957, the first British hydrogen bomb, code-named Operation Grapple, was exploded off the coast of Malden, followed by another a month later, neither of which yielded the explosive power that was expected. The tests reached a maximum yield of 720 kilotons, equivalent to more than 50 times the power of the bomb that was dropped.

Original. Era: 1950s. 1956-57 Christmas Island H-Bomb Test pennant. Operation Grapple. On offer is an original military pennant titled 'Christmas Island, H-Bomb Tests, 1956-57, Operation Grapple'. Black with with writing. 440 x 170 mm. No damage or mothing Operation GRAPPLE - NZ's involvement in the Christmas Island nuclear testing 1957 - 1959. Calendar Icon. Thursday, 8 April 2021, 12:00pm - 1:00pm Operation Grapple was a set of four British nuclear weapons test series of early atomic bombs and hydrogen bombs carried out in 1957 and 1958 at Malden Island and Kiritimati (Christmas Island) in the Gilbert and Ellice Islands in the Pacific Ocean (modern Kiribati) as part of the British hydrogen b CHRISTMAS ISLAND JOURNAL: The recollections of a DUKW driver. n.b. 'clicking' on some of the smaller photographs will enlarge them. In 1956, one of the advantages of enlisting in the army ( as opposed to waiting to be called-up for National Service ) was an understanding there might be an element of choice in matters such as the regiment you. In his book Operation Grapple (1985) he wrote We removed all anti-flash screens and I turned the aircraft through 90 degrees to port; as we turned, the sight which met our eyes was truly breathtaking

and Fijian personnel1 participated in Operation Grapple at Christmas and Malden Islands, then part of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony (GEIC), in the Central Pacific.2 British control of Christmas Island was disputed by a US territorial claim, but both countries proceeded with tests, agreeing that they would not prejudice the outcome of th Operation Grapple. The name of four series of British nuclear weapons tests of early atomic bombs and hydrogen bombs carried out in 1957 and 1958 at Malden Island and Kiritimati in the Pacific Ocean as part of the British hydrogen bomb programme. Wikipedia. British hydrogen bomb programme

Operation Grapple was the official code name for the British series of tests on Kiritimati and Malden. The name originated from a four-pointed grapnel iron, which was supposed to represent unity between the British Army, Navy, Air Force, and the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment (AWRE) (Resture) Operation Grapple was the code-name given to a series of nuclear weapon tests carried out by the British in the late 1950s. nine hydrogen bombs were detonated at Malden Island and Christmas.

British D-Day hero's terrifying H-Bomb photos taken above

  1. Grappling with the Bomb is a history of Britain's 1950s program to test the hydrogen bomb, code name Operation Grapple. In 1957-58, nine atmospheric nuclear tests were held at Malden Island and Christmas Island—today, part of the Pacific nation of Kiribati
  2. Operation Grapple was the code name given to the British Hydrogen bomb tests carried out over the Pacific Ocean during 1957. Christmas Island was chosen as the operational base with the island of Malden, 400 miles south-east, designated as the target area. No. 49 Sqn, RAF Wittering was selected for the tests and a specially modified Vickers Valiant, XD818, arrived in November 1956
  3. OPERATION GRAPPLE This film is held by the Imperial War Museum (ID: AMY 842). Synopsis There is a brief description of Christmas Island (aerial shots) and its locally imported labour from the Gilbert and Ellice Islands. The first ships arrive at the island in June 1956
  4. Operation Grapple was conducted in several parts to test weapons produced in Britains thermonuclear development programme. It followed from the Operation Mosaic series of fusion bomb tests, held in mid 1956 off Monte Bello Island (Australia) and the Operation Buffalo test series held on mainland Australia in late 1956. The first Grapple series tests were on 15 May, 31 May and 19 Jun 1957.
  5. Film produced by the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment, Aldermaston, documenting Operation Grapple Z, a series of British atomic weapons trials conducted on Christmas Island in the Pacific Ocean, in the summer of 1958. Watch Video

In the late 1950s, Christmas Island had been the site of Operation Grapple, Britain's hydrogen bomb trials. All of the Dominic airdrops were conducted off the south eastern end of the atoll. Johnston Island: Johnston Island is a small, 1.6 kilometers long atoll located 800 km south of Hawaii. It was the site of several weapons development. at Christmas Island, following a similar route to the first exercise, arriving on 11 Oct for operation `Grapple X'. Photo album with colour shots of XD818 and its ground crew on Christmas Island acquired 1999- DoRIS ref. X001-2370/010 13 Nov 57 Wg Cdr Hubbard flew XD818 back to Wittering, arriving 18 Nov, on

Nuclear test veterans seek audience with prime minister

Operation Dominic 1962 - Christmas Island, Johnston Island, Central Pacific Last changed 27 June 2021. The Soviet Union had abrogated the 34 month old de facto nuclear testing moratorium on 1 September 1961 by initiating an unprecedented series of atmospheric nuclear tests. The initial U.S. response was to commence its own test series. a rare operation grapple - h bomb tests christmas island 1956 - 1957 pennant. issued to commemorate the british testing of the hydrogen bomb on kiritimati (christmas island ) - the first of 9 such tests under the moniker of operation grapple . this pennant is in excellent condition considering its age - with only a slight discolouration of the white felt strip and tabs on the end Grappling with waste on Christmas Island. Operation Grapple, Kiritimati. Operation Grapple' was the codename for the UK nuclear testing program for the development of the hydrogen bomb in the 1950s. Read more. Raising the bar through compliance training. S Norton & Co The United Kingdom supposedly conducted its first successful hydrogen bomb test at Malden Island on 15 May 1957; Christmas Island was the operation's main base. In fact, this test did not work as planned, and the first British H-bomb was successfully detonated over the southeastern tip of Christmas Island on 8 November 1957 (Note: Ship was required to support nuclear weapon trials at Christmas Island. (Operation GRAPPLE).) 1 9 5 7 . January . Preparing for operational service. at Auckland. February . Re-commissioned at Auckland. March . On completion of acceptance trials after Reserve period took passage to join the GRAPPLE Squadron at Christmas Island

8 November 1957 - Grapple X: CTBTO Preparatory Commissio

Operation Grapple consisted of 9 nuclear detonations between May 1957 and September 1958. A series of 3 atomic (fission) detonations occurred over the ocean near Malden Island. A further 4 detonations of atomic (fission) devices occurred over the ocean at Christmas Island in addition to 2 smaller thermonuclear (fusion) devices over land Title: OPERATION GRAPPLE [Main Title] There is a brief description of Christmas Island (aerial shots) and its locally imported labour from the Gilbert and Ellice Islands. The first ships arrive at the island in June 1956. (Reel 3) Slight unloading problems are encountered (mention of incorrect stowage order and a passing reference to a. Christmas Island, Grapple Post card. In 1957, Great Britain conducted a series of nuclear weapons tests at Christmas Island, in the mid-Pacific, code-named Operation Grapple.. Lt Cdr Julian Howard was assigned to HMNZS Roititi, a light ASW Frigate of the New Zealand Navy, which was to be one of two weather ships along with HMNZS Pukaki

It Was a Blast!—Camp Life on Christmas Island, 1956-1958

The Hydrogen bombs, which were in the megaton range, were to be dropped by R A F Bomber Command V Force. Christmas Island was chosen because of its remoteness in the middle of the vast Pacific Ocean. Operation Grapple involved building a base and an airstrip for large jet aircraft to land on Operation Grapple was the code-name given to a series of nuclear weapon tests carried out by the British in the late 1950s. Between 1957 and 1958, nine hydrogen bombs were detonated at Malden Island and Christmas Island. The first series of Grapple tests at Malden Island failed to reach the predicted destructive yield Christmas Island Sailing Club 1957 Dear Sirs, I thought that this photograph it might be of some interest, and bring back some happy memories of leisure time spent at the Christmas Island sailing club in the year 1957, during operation Grapple the pacific British nuclear H-bomb tests, where I Served for a year as a Cpl Terry Brown in the supply. In the 1950s, 11 NZ Forces observers attended British and US tests of nuclear weapons, including Operation Grapple. Some observers, at British tests at Maralinga in South Australia,1956, took part in an Indoctrinee Force, for experience of nuclear-explosion effects to pass on to NZ colleagues. 5 tests off Christmas Island in August and.

Thunder & Lightnings - Vickers Valiant - Survivor XD818

Christmas Island The Sappers sit

Operations Grapple and Dominic/Brigadoon on Christmas Island. Private group. 146 members. This is a BNTVA led group for all those involved with the nuclear testing that happened on Christmas Island and Malden Island. Operation Grapple Malden Island & Christmas Island 15th May 1957 - Grapple 1 - Airdrop Valiant XD818- Malden Island - 300kt 31st. workers on Christmas Island, the Grapple operation was a masculine affair, with thousands of men deployed from Britain to the central Pacific. In the early days of the military deployment, there were only two white women on Christmas Island: Mary and Billie Burgess. For the first contingent of Royal Engineers redeployed from Korea t The first of a series of British nuclear tests over Christmas Island took place as part of Operation Grapple in Nov 1957 with subsequent tests leading into early 1958. Biggles was being very diligent in wanting to evacuate Oratovoa about a thousand miles away Vickers Valiant B Mk1, XD818, Operation Grapple, Christmas Island, 1957 - NEW. Ask a question about this product People who bought this item also bought: 43ST003 Oxford Diecast Sunbeam Talbot 90 MkII Beech Green Metallic . O Gauge (1:43 Scale) £19.50 6 in stock. Add to Cart View Add to wishlist. 76BHF002.

The Fijian Government continues to assist veterans of 'Operation Grapple', who were affected by nuclear testing on Christmas Island with pay-out for medical expenses. Last week, Isaia Seruvatu Baro, 77, received a payment of $9855 from the Minister for Employment, Productivity and Industrial Relations, Jioji Konrote Location taken: Near Christmas Island, Indian Ocean Source: Wikimedia Commons. Related Events. 1957-05-15 Operation Grapple: Britain tests its first hydrogen bomb near Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean; Related Articles and Photos. Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima Mushroom cloud over Hiroshim

Kiritimati und Malden, | Hibakusha Weltweit

23 September 1958. Operation Grapple (within 281 kilometres of surface zero at Christmas Island) 11 September 1958. 11 September 1958. Operation Grapple (within 281 kilometres of surface zero at Christmas Island) 2 September 1958. 2 September 1958. Operation Grapple (within 281 kilometres of surface zero at Christmas Island) 22 August 1958 Grappling with the Bomb is a history of Britain's 1950s program to test the hydrogen bomb, code name Operation Grapple. In 1957-58, nine atmospheric nuclear tests were held at Malden Island and Christmas Island—today, part of the Pacific nation of Kiribati. Nearly 14,000 troops travelled to the central Pacific for the UK nuclear testing program—many are still living with the health and. Buy Dropping Britain's First H-bomb: Story of Operation Grapple 1957 Illustrated by Hubbard, Kenneth, Simmons, Michael (ISBN: 9781844157471) from Amazon's Book Store. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders

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And yet, there is an odd sense of familiarity about Christmas Island. The narrator emphasises its discovery by Captain Cook in 1777, suggesting that weapons development fits into a long line of British exploration. Pioneering and adventurous, perhaps Operation Grapple was not shockingly modern, but simply part of a British heritage For one year, Dec 58—Dec 59 the regiment deployed to Christmas Island after Operation Grapple. [1] In January 1969 the regiment was renamed as 36th Engineer Regiment and by 1974 deployed to Northern Ireland as part of the rebuilding after the initial start of Operation Banner Named Christmas Island by Captain James Cook after his arrival on Christmas Eve in 1777, the purpose of his father's time on Kiritimati was Operation Grapple, part of the British nuclear weapons tests. Had he actually seen (and felt) the bombs? Yes. Inquisitiveness piqued, Paul began to consider a visit to the island to witness the.