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Systemic Effects of Smoking - Ches

  1. Health impact of smoking. Table Table1 1 lists the main causes of death from smoking. Tobacco smoking is estimated to lead to the premature death of approximately 6 million people worldwide and 96,000 in the UK each year (Action on Smoking and Health, 2016b; World Health Organization, 2013).A 'premature death from smoking' is defined as a death from a smoking-related disease in an.
  2. While most people recognize that smoking is highly destructive for their lungs, many have yet to come to terms with how smoking affects the rest of the body. Damage to one's skin, mouth, hands, feet, respiratory system, heart, bones, and reproductive system becomes readily evident in long-time smokers [7-9]
  3. es the accuracy of Americans' perceptions of the absolute risk, attributable risk, and relative.
  4. Global Effects of Smoking, of Quitting, and of Taxing Tobacco. List of authors. On the basis of current smoking patterns, with a global average of about 50% of young men and 10% of young women.
  5. The direct health effects of smoking are now well recognized and documented, it is responsible for about seven million deaths annually (WHO, 2017b). However, the environmental impacts of the tobacco industry, are often overlooked and have been under-researched. Yet, from tobacco cultivation and curing, t

smoking.2 Even if the number of smoking related deaths were cut in half, smoking would still kill more people than all of these other causes. In 1964, the Surgeon General first documented the harmful effects of smoking in Smoking and Health: Report of the Advisory Committee of the Surgeon General of the Public Health Service, whic The effect of smoking has many health implications often seen in modern day medicine. In the oral cavity, smoking has a significant impact ranging from periodontal disease [6], to changes in the fundamental structure and development of the teeth [3, 4]

Smoking: before, during and after pregnancy [INFOGRAPH

indulge in tobacco smoking of the trends, prevalence, consequences and to inspire engaging in programs for smoking cessation. Methods The articles published from 2000 to 2017 were identified retrospectively through electronic databases such as Medline, Pub Med, and EBSCO host. Peer review articles relevant to smoking cessation were chosen The fact that smoking is legal doesn't mean that it's not harmful, or that it is less harmful than illegal drugs. 1 In fact, smoking causes 90% of drug-related deaths.1 Smoking is legal because it was already widely used and widely socially accepted before the health risks became understood The feasibility of an in-scanner smoking lapse paradigm to examine the neural correlates of lapses. Addiction Biology. Weigard, A., Wilson, S.J., Shapiro, Z, Galloway-Long, H., & Huang-Pollock, C. (in press). Neural correlates of working memory's suppression of aversive olfactory distraction effects

Tobacco Dependence Prevention - WikiLectures

Tobacco smoking: Health impact, prevalence, correlates and

Health Effects of Smoking and the Benefits of Quitting

  1. D axis, adrenal hormones, sex hormones, and increased oxidative stress on bony tissues
  2. Evidence regarding the negative effects of tobacco smoking on fetal development is widely documented in existing literature. The toxic effects vary from perinatal complications, such as low birth weight, to changes in adult behavior [1-5].Regarding the effects of maternal tobacco smoking on placental blood flow and vascular resistance, there still exists some controversy regarding which.
  3. e the use of alcohol and tobacco together, this article focuses on tobacco use during pregnancy and the effects of prenatal tobacco expo-sure. Understanding the effects of pre
IJERPH | Free Full-Text | Effects of Smoking and Genotype

Maternal smoking during pregnancy carries significant risks to mother infant and child. Smoking during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of ectopic pregnancy, placental previa and abruption, preterm premature rupture of membranes, fetal growth restriction, preterm delivery, oral facial clefts, and sudden infant death syndrome. 1, 2 One of the most measurable effects of smoking is. Within a few minutes, the effects of nicotine disappear. To keep feeling good, a smoker takes another puff or lights another cigarette. Learn more about the science of nicotine addiction. Smoking harms every organ in the body. Cigarette smoking accounts for about one-third of all cancer deaths, including those from lung cancer Smoking in pregnancy poses a significant health problem for both mother and baby. Many women who smoke will quit by themselves before becoming pregnant and others will stop once their pregnancy is confirmed. For some women, considerable help is needed to stop smoking successfully (NCSCT 2018) Smoking Most available evidence on the effect of smoking on orthopaedic outcomes is based on research that is retrospec-tive, statistically insignificant, and often outdated. These studies are of-ten confounded by multiple coexist-ing variables. Thus, it is difficult to isolate the negative consequences of smoking. The largest of these studies re

(PDF) Biomarkers of Tobacco Smoke Exposure

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Effects of smoking and smoking cessation on human serum metabolite profile: results from the KORA cohort study Tao Xu1, Christina Holzapfel1,2, Xiao Dong3,4, Erik Bader1, Zhonghao Yu1, Cornelia Prehn5, Katrin Perstorfer1, Marta Jaremek1, Werner Roemisch-Margl6, Wolfgang Rathmann7, Yixue Li3, H -Erich Wichmann8,9, Henri Wallaschofski10, Karl H Ladwig11,12, Fabian. Smoking causes an enormous burden on public health. While policy measures to control tobacco use are being applied all over the world, inadequate attention has been given to what the health care professionals can do in their routine work with patients. The present document, Encouragin This effect is both consistent with e-cigarettes reducing smoking among minors, and large: on average, state smoking rates for this age group fell 1.3 percentage points per two-year interval from 2002 to 2009, the year before the first bans went into effect effects of smoking on periodontal disease progression are reversible with smoking cessation and that smoking ces- sation programs should be an integral component of pe- riodontal education and therapy. 2.2. Effects of Nicotine on the Periodontal Tissues smoking effects on dental implant success. This review co-relate the studies done on effect of smoking on peri- implant tissues and its effect on success of implant. Relevant clinical studies written in English between 1990 and 2012 were reviewed. Article were searched through EBSCO and manually.

The effects of smoking and smoking cessation on lipoproteins have not been studied in a large contemporary group of smokers. This study was designed to determine the effects of smoking cessation on lipoproteins. The 1,504 current smokers were mean (standard deviation) 45.4 (11.3) years old and. smoking or smoking cessation as described in guidance developed by the former Hunter New England Area Health Service, Mersey Care NHS Trust, UK and Regents University, California. Psychiatric medication Degree of effect Smoking Smoking cessation Antipsychotics Amisulpride No effect Chlorpromazine Moderate Lower serum level Why Review Articles on the Health Effects of Passive Smoking Reach Different Conclusions Deborah E. Barnes, MPH; Lisa A. Bero, PhD Objective.— To determine whether the conclusions of review articles on the health effects of passive smoking are associated with article quality, the affiliations of their authors, or other article characteristics Tobacco smoking is associated with well-known health risks to respiratory organs, but it also affects organs not directly exposed to the toxic substances contained in smoke, indicating that smoking has widespread effects().Among systemic effects, there is evidence of increased oxidative stress, inflammation, and lower circulating concentrations of antioxidant vitamins() Smoking tobacco introduces not only nicotine but also more than 5,000 chemicals, including numerous carcinogens (cancer-causing chemicals), into your lungs, blood and organs. The damage caused by smoking can shorten your lifespan significantly. In fact, smoking is the number one cause of preventable death in the United States

An adolescent's perceptions of their family's and friends' smoking attitudes and behaviour can influence their own uptake of smoking. There are two broad sources of such social influence: observing the behaviour directly, and assimilating attitudes. We analysed data collected for the evaluation of Dead Cool, a school based smoking prevention intervention in Northern Ireland (n=480 in 20. TOBACCO USE is the single largest cause of death in our society. 1 Because tobacco use is an acquired behavior, it is preventable, as are the morbidity and mortality associated with it. The initiation of smoking is an issue of primary concern in adolescence, as 90% of those who become long-term smokers start smoking regularly before the age of 20 years. 2 Because half of all long-term smokers.

Perceptions of health risks of cigarette smoking: A new

  1. ng inpatient stays involve the musculoskeletal system. Cigarette smoking is one of the most prevalent and preventable risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders and orthopedic surgery complications. This article discusses the effects of smoking on bone health, the importance of smoking cessation among patients scheduled for or recovering from orthopedic surgery, and the vital role nurses play.
  2. The effect of smoking on glycemic control in people with diabetes is poorly studied with often contradictory results. Cigarette smoking worsens insulin-resistance in patients with diabetes []; consequently, quitting smoking should improve glycemic control.Yet, smoking cessation often results in worsened glycaemic control, possibly due to the weight gain that frequently occurs after smoking.
  3. ute field test, the effect of cigarette smoking on endurance performance was measured in 419 airmen before and after six weeks of basic training. In 47 airmen, cardiopulmonary indexes also were obtained during maximal treadmill performance. Field testing showed that endurance performance was inversely related to.
  4. ARTICLE 1 Health Effects of Cigarette Smoking On This Page Smoking and Death Smoking and Increased Health Risks Smoking and Cardiovascular Disease Smoking and Respiratory Disease Smoking and Cancer Smoking and Other Health Risks Quitting and Reduced Risks References Cigarette smoking harms nearly every organ of the body, causes many diseases, and reduces the health of smokers in general. 1,2.
  5. Evidence regarding the negative effects of tobacco smoking on fetal development is widely documented in existing literature. The toxic effects vary from perinatal complications, such as low birth weight, to changes in adult behavior [1-5].Regarding the effects of maternal tobacco smoking on placental blood flow and vascular resistance, there still exists some controversy regarding which.
  6. Rates of any illicit drug use increased in a startlingly way between 1992 and 2000 as follows: from 27.1% to 40.9% for high school seniors, from 29.7% to 39.3% for young adults ages 19-20, and from 30.0% to 36.9% for young adults ages 21-22. 3,18 These rates began to stabilise slightly in the late 1990s

Smoking and drinking share many detrimental effects, some of which operate synergistically. Over 90% of alcoholic inpatients are smokers, with similar findings regarding outpatients. In the general population, the relationship between smoking and drinking appears positive but modest. Nicotine appears to facilitate ethanol consumption and vice. Smoking can cause harm throughout the body, including the heart, brain, and lungs. This article discusses why smoking is bad for health and reasons to quit

such as smoking, rather than part i c i p a n t s ' nonuse of alcohol (Fi l l m o r e 1998). It is also important to note that the a p p a r ent benefits of moderate drinking on CHD mortality are offset at higher drinking levels by increased risk of death f r om other types of heart disease, cancer, l i v er cirrhosis, and trauma. The U.S examining the effects of marijuana on mental health conditions.7 This research brief will summarize what is known about the effects of marijuana on bipolar disorder (BD), a chronic mood disorder that involves the experience of one or more manic or hypomanic epi sodes, which can be accompanie The Harmful Effects of Smoking on Health and Social Care Essay Introduction. There are many chemicals contained in tobacco smoke that pose health risks both to smokers and nonsmokers. It can be harmful to even breathe a little tobacco smoke. Of the more than 7,000 chemicals in tobacco smoke, at least 250 are known to be harmful, including.

Global Effects of Smoking, of Quitting, and of Taxing

Cigarette Smoking Affects Glycemic Control in Diabetes. Tight glycemic control in diabetes is one of the cornerstones of management. Glycemic control is usually assessed with HbA 1c. The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial showed that in type 1 diabetes, decreasing HbA 1c from 9.0 to 7.2% resulted in a 50-75% reduction in retinopathy. This is a comprehensive review on the harmful health effects of cigarette smoking. Tobacco smoking is a reprehensible habit that has spread all over the world as an epidemic. It reduces the life expectancy among smokers. It increases overall medical costs and contributes to the loss of productivity during the life span. Smoking has been shown to be linked with various neurological. The orthopaedic surgeon is likely to be knowledgeable about the detrimental effects of smoking on healing bones, as the problem has been known for some time. Smoking adversely affects bone mineral density, lumbar disc degeneration, the incidences of hip fractures and the dynamics of bone and wound healing

Oral Cancer in Swedish Snuff Dippers

Socio-economic status, smoking, and exposure to increased levels of environmental air pollution are associated with adverse effects on respiratory health. We assessed the contribution of occupational exposures, smoking and outdoor air pollution as competing factors for the association between socio-economic status and respiratory health indicators in a cohort of women from the Ruhr area aged. Effects of smoking on rapid visual information processing performance.Neuropsychobiology, 9, 223-229. Article PubMed Google Scholar Wesnes, K., & Warburton, D.M. (1983b). Smoking, nicotine and human performance.Pharmacology and Therapeutics 21, 189-208. Article PubMed Google Schola OBJECTIVE. The present experimental study was designed to determine how breastfeeding from a mother who smokes affects infants in the short-term. METHODS. Fifteen mother-infant dyads were tested on 2 days separated by 1 week. Mothers smoked (not in the presence of their infants) on one test day and refrained from smoking on the other. For the next 3.5 hours, infants breastfed on demand Where To Download Cause And Effect Paper Smoking tobacco. A set of writing skills books designed to help students do well on writing tests. Includes general test-taking strategies. This book offers students a method for understanding and mastering the rhetorical patterns that comprise expository writing. Its exercises ask students t

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - The Full Wiki

Smoking cessation and lung function in mild-to-moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The Lung Health Study P D Scanlon, J E Connett, L A Waller, M D Altose, W C Bailey, A S Buist Previous studies of lung function in relation to smoking cessation have not adequately quantified the long-term benefit of smoking cessation, nor established the predictive value of characteristics such as. Nicotine effects on pain responses may represent treatment of nicotine withdrawal rather than direct analgesic effects in studies examining smokers deprived of nicotine.117However, the antinociceptive effect of nicotine is present in both nicotine-deprived subjects and those who have maintained regular smoking.9,11,108Nicotine administration in. In this article, we'll look at how smoking affects your health. Smoking harms nearly every organ in your body. To unpack this alarming fact, there are 79 organs in your body. The vital organs of your brain, lungs, liver, kidney and heart are all harmed by smoking The effects are dose-related but can be demonstrated after relatively small doses (5-10 mg THC in a joint), even in experienced cannabis users, and have been shown in many studies across a wide range of neurocognitive and psychomotor tests. These effects are additive with those of other central nervous system depressants

The smoking should be quitted by smoker to avoid financial losses the harmful effects of health. Smoking strongly contributes to sterility thus both male and female should discourage it. We know almost every disease which is linked to smoking and causing the deaths thus it is time to say no to harmful effects of smoking Cigarette smoking is a powerful cardiovascular risk factor and smoking cessation is the single most effective lifestyle measure for the prevention of a large number of cardiovascular diseases. Impairment of endothelial function, arterial stiffness, inflammation, lipid modification as well as an alte Certainly, there are good reasons to kick the habit. In a 2013 article in the New England Journal of Medicine, McAfee and colleagues found that smokers in the general population lose at least a decade of life compared with nonsmokers. The size of the effect on mortality is enormous, he says Purpose: To compare the pharmacokinetic variables of erlotinib in current smokers with nonsmokers after receiving a single oral 150 or 300 mg dose of erlotinib. Experimental Design: This was a single-center, open-label pharmacokinetic study in healthy male subjects. Subjects were enrolled into two treatment cohorts based on smoking status (current smokers and nonsmokers) Anxiolytic and antidepressant effects of smoking are often described by cigarette smokers. Despite the strongly held popular belief that cigarette smoking can reduce negative affect, there are reports, such as that by Boden and colleagues in this issue, Reference Boden, Fergusson and Horwood 1 suggesting that the association is in the opposite direction, namely that smoking leads to depression

A Literature Review on The Effects of Smoking on Tertiar

Quitting smoking is important for your health. Soon after you quit, your circulation begins to improve, and your blood pressure starts to return to normal. Your sense of smell and taste return, and it's easier for you to breathe. In the long term, giving up tobacco can help you live longer Smoking, the act of inhaling and exhaling the fumes of burning plant material. A variety of plant materials are smoked, including marijuana and hashish, but the act is most commonly associated with tobacco as smoked in a cigarette, cigar, or pipe. Learn more about the history and effects of smoking in this article

DrugFacts: Marijuana | National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

HEALTH EFFECTS OF SMOKING - Positive Choice

Review on Effect of smoking on human health Deepika* Department of Health Sciences Information and Management, Pune , Maharashtra. Review The current study inspects weight status as a connect of electronic and customary cigarette. E-cigarettes could fill in as an entryway to different types of tobacco use CONCLUSIONS: Smoking behavior and COPD are mediators of the association between the single nucleotide poly-morphism (SNP) rs1051730 and the risk of lung cancer. Also, COPD is a mediator of the association between smoking behavior and lung cancer. Finally, smoking behavior also has mediating effects on the association between the SNP and COPD

Journal Articles Addiction, Smoking, and Health La

Cigarette smoking has adverse effect on systemic health. Smoking is associated with cardiopulmonary disease, cancer, diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance and thyroid disorders. In this review, effect of cigarette smoking on oral microbiota, periodontal inflammation, periodontal disease progression and response to periodontal therapy is discussed Smoking is known to have various deleterious effects on health. However, it is not clear whether smoking negatively affects the postoperative outcome following matrix-based autologous cartilage implantation (MACI) in the knee. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of smoking on the outcome of MACI in the knee Tobacco smoking is associated with numerous pathological conditions. Compelling experimental evidence associates smoking to the degeneration of the intervertebral disc (IVD). In particular, it has been shown that nicotine down-regulates both the proliferation rate and glycosaminoglycan (GAG) biosynthesis of disc cells. Moreover, tobacco smoking causes the constriction of the vascular network.

Health Effects of Cigarette Smoking CD

Although tobacco-smoking is the most well known risk factor for the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, it is not the only one (1, 2).Nonsmokers can also develop chronic airflow obstruction, and there is considerable variability in the susceptibility to both symptoms and airflow obstruction among smokers ().The factors that determine susceptibility to the effects of cigarette. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of smoking on lung function decline in adult-onset asthma in a clinical, 12-year follow-up study. In the Seinäjoki Adult Asthma Study, 203 patients were followed for 12 years (1999-2013) after diagnosis of new-onset adult asthma. Patients were divided into two groups based on smoking history: <10 or ≥10 pack-years 29 References; 347 Citing Articles; Related Articles; Abstract Background. Little is known about the sex-specific effects of cigarette smoking on the level and growth of lung function in. Nicotine does not produce congenital malformations but nicotine does have a effect on fetal growth. Maternal smoking is a well-established cause of intrauterine growth restriction. Heavy cigarette smokers were also more likely to have a premature delivery. Nicotine constricts uterine bloo

Cigarette Smoking JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer

This article discusses the effects of smoking on bone health, the importance of smoking cessation among patients scheduled for or recovering from orthopedic surgery, and the vital role nurses play in supporting patient efforts to lead a tobacco-free life Background Tobacco smoking is the leading cause of cancer, preventable death, and disability. Smoking cessation can increase life expectancy by nearly a decade if achieved in the third or fourth decades of life. Various stop smoking interventions are available including pharmacotherapies, electronic cigarettes, behavioural support, and alternative therapies. This protocol outlines an evidence. Nicotine is one of many substances that may be acquired through active and passive smoking of tobacco. In man, nicotine is commonly consumed via smoking cigarettes, cigars or pipes. The addictive liability and pharmacological effects of smoking are primarily mediated by the major tobacco alkaloid ni Introduction Smoke-free public places legislation has been introduced in many countries to protect the public from the harmful effects of secondhand smoking. While evaluations of smoke-free policies have demonstrated major public health benefits, the impact on youth smoking and inequalities in smoking remains unclear. This project aims to evaluate how smoke-free public places legislation in.

Smoking and impact on health European Respiratory Societ

Let's design a T-shirt that would get the message out about the risks of smoking. Before you get started, read the KidsHealth.org articles related to smoking to learn how it hurts your health. Then, check out the No Smoking T-Shirt handout. Your T-shirt design needs to include at least two facts about why smoking is so unhealthy. Make sure you this article is based on their paper, Do Higher tobacco taxes Reduce adult smok- increases will have relatively little effect on smoking. Consider who currently smokes: at roughly $6 per. Background Tobacco smoking is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. Evidence on the relation of smoking to different subtypes of CVD, across fatal and non-fatal outcomes, is limited. Methods A prospective study of 188,167 CVD- and cancer-free individuals aged ≥ 45 years from the Australian general population joining the 45 and Up Study from 2006 to 2009.

Knowledge about Health Effects of Cigarette Smoking and

This study examined how perceptions of student smoking in the school environment and the actual smoking rate among senior students at a school are related to smoking onset. Multilevel logistic regression analysis was used to examine correlates of ever smoking in a sample of 4,286 grade 6 and 7 students from 57 elementary schools in Ontario, Canada. Students are at increased risk for smoking if. In the report The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids: The Current State of Evidence and Recommendations for Research, an expert, ad hoc committee of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine presents nearly 100 conclusions related to the health effects of cannabis and cannabinoid use

Smoking Quit Smoking Effects of Smoking MedlinePlu

Objective To examine the effect of varying levels of comprehensive tobacco control on smoking in a global context. Methods Using data from WHO's Reports on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, scatter plots were produced to visualise the relationship between comprehensive tobacco control policy (2008 MPOWER composite score) and change in current tobacco smoking between 2006 and 2009 Smoking - Smoking - Health consequences of smoking: A major health effect common to all forms of tobacco use is addiction, or, more technically, dependence. Addiction is not lethal in its own right, but it contributes to tobacco-caused death and disease, since it spurs smokers to continue their habit, which repeatedly exposes them to the toxins in tobacco smoke While smoking's harmful health effects are well known, the individual wealth effects of smoking have received much less investigation. Analysis of US expenditure data show that the average US smoker spends over $700 a year on tobacco products, which for the average US family comprises a large proportion of discretionary spending. 1 In many other countries higher cigarette taxes and cigarette. Univariate ANCOVAs demonstrated a significant main effect of smoking status only for the Simpson-Angus Scale score. CONCLUSIONS: Cigarette smokers receive significantly higher neuroleptic doses, in part because of a smoking-induced increase in neuroleptic metabolism. Smoking is also associated with significant reduction in levels of parkinsonism Tobacco smoke is a powerful trigger of asthma symptoms, irritating the lining of the airways. Second-hand smoke can be even more harmful to a person with asthma. This is true for adults, but especially so for children. Healthy respiratory system showing the airways and lung. The bronchial tubes are the airways that branch into the lungs

Nonpsychotropic Medication-Induced Psychosis

The Effect of Tobacco Smoking on Bone Mass: An Overview of

The goal of the study was to investigate whether cigarette smoking alters oral and nasal microbial diversity, composition, and structure. Twenty-three current smokers and 20 never smokers were recruited. From each subject, nine samples including supra and subgingiva plaque scrapes, saliva, swabs from five soft oral tissue sites, and one nasal swab from both the anterior nares were collected. The researchers discovered that nicotine's effects on glutamate and GABA cause the pleasurable effects of nicotine to last longer. Nicotine causes glutamate to speed up dopamine release. Nicotine prevents GABA from slowing down dopamine release. The result is a high level of dopamine that lasts more than an hour

Cardiac catheterization which demonstrated blockage of the

Original Article Quantification of pulmonary vessel volumes on low-dose computed tomography in a healthy male Chinese population: the effects of aging and smoking Sunbiao Sun1#, Xiapei Meng1#, Peiyao Zhang1, Lei Wang1, Yanhong Ren2, Guodong Xu3, Ting Yang2, Min Liu Smoking is a key lifestyle risk factor for bone loss and fractures that appears to be independent of other risk factors for fracture such as age, weight, sex and menopausal status. This review discusses the effects of smoking on bone health in pre-menopausal and post-menopausal women and men Although smoking is suggested to be a risk factor for colorectal cancer, the evidence to date is conflicting and may be confounded. Moreover, the effect of tobacco smoke may vary by time since initiation, type of tobacco product, anatomic subsites, and among ethnic groups. Data were derived from two consecutive population-based case-control studies conducted among Caucasians, Japanese, Native. Throughout history, humanity has been blighted by epidemics of communicable diseases that medical science and public policy have, to varying degrees, been able to control. Sanitation, immunisation, mosquito nets, and antimicrobial agents are examples of developments that have helped to generate substantial reductions in incidence of and mortality from cholera, dysentery, smallpox, measles, HIV. BACKGROUND Two recent reviews have assessed the effect of parental smoking on respiratory disease in children. METHODS The results of the systematic quantitative review published as a series in Thorax are summarised and brought up to date by considering papers appearing on Embase or Medline up to June 1998. The findings are compared with those of the review published recently by the.